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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of death and disability in the United States. TBI can be a serious injury with life-altering consequences for those who suffer from it. Many TBI sufferers must undergo extensive medical treatment and miss a significant amount of time from work to recover from the injury. In the most severe cases, TBI can become a permanent and debilitating condition. When traumatic brain injuries are caused by the negligence or reckless actions of another party, those who suffer from them deserve to be compensated.

At Garmo & Garmo, LLP, we understand the major physical, emotional, and financial toll traumatic brain injuries take on victims and their families, and our goal is to make the legal process smooth and stress-free. Our attorneys have more than two decades of experience representing clients suffering from TBI and all other types of personal injury in San Diego and throughout Southern California. We have extensive knowledge of this area of the law, and we put our experience to work to pursue maximum compensation on behalf of each client we serve.

Common Causes of Traumatic Brain Injuries

Traumatic brain injury is caused by a jolt, bump or blow to the head that causes the brain to become displaced. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), TBI contributes to the deaths of over 50,000 individuals each year. this averages out to approximately 153 TBI related deaths each and every day. More than 2.5 million emergency room visits each year are attributable to TBI, and just under 300,000 individuals are hospitalized for this condition.

There are numerous ways that someone can experience head trauma resulting in TBI, here are some of the most common:

  • Slips, Trips and Falls: Falling is by far the leading cause of traumatic brain injury in the United States. Just under half of all TBI-related injuries happen because of slips, trips, and falls. Falls can occur just about anywhere, and many of them happen because of dangerous or hazardous conditions. These may include wet or slippery floors, uneven pavement, areas covered by debris and clutter, and many others. Those who fall head first or whose head slams hard against the ground are at the greatest risk for TBI from falling. These types of injuries tend to occur more commonly with children under the age of 4 and the elderly.
  • Being Struck By/Struck Against Events: The second leading cause of TBI in the US is being struck by an object or slammed against a hard surface. This type of injury is common in many work sites, especially those in which employees work at a fast pace with heavy machinery and equipment. Examples may include construction sites, factories, warehouses, loading docks, ship yards, and oil drilling sites.
  • Motor Vehicle Accidents: The third leading cause of TBI in the United States is accidents involving a motor vehicle. This may include auto accidents, trucking accidents, bus accidents, motorcycle accidents, and accidents in which a vehicle strikes a bicyclist or pedestrian. The risk of TBI is greater when a collision occurs at a higher speed. The impact of the crash can throw a person’s head back and forth in a fast, jerky motion. A crash can also cause someone’s head to be slammed into a hard surface, such as the steering wheel, dashboard, window, or the ground outside.
  • Various Forms of Violence: Violence is the fourth leading cause of TBI in the U.S. This includes various types of assault and battery, as well as self-inflicted blows to the head. Children ages 4 and under are the most susceptible to TBI because of violence, and it is also fairly common among teens who experience domestic abuse.
  • Others: There are several other incidents that can result in someone suffering a traumatic brain injury. TBI can result from a birth injury (often due to medical malpractice), explosions, and high impact collisions during various types of sports activities; such as helmet-to-helmet collisions during a football game.

The symptoms of traumatic brain injury tend to manifest themselves differently in each individual case. In milder cases, commonly known as concussions, the symptoms may last from a few hours to just a few days. But as mentioned earlier, severe forms of TBI can be permanent and debilitating.

Some of the most common symptoms TBI sufferers tend to experience include:

  • Loss of consciousness;
  • Severe and lasting headaches;
  • Dizziness and loss of balance;
  • Problems with focus and concentration;
  • Blurred eyesight other vision problems;
  • Ringing in the ears;
  • Frequent irritation and agitation;
  • Mood shifts and mood changes;
  • Problems communicating;
  • Memory loss;
  • Anxiety, fear, and depression;
  • Risky or unusual behavior;
  • Slurred speech;
  • Seizures;
  • Partial or full paralysis.

Damages in Traumatic Brain Injury Cases

Because TBI can leave victims with altered personalities and other cognitive and physical issues that could last a lifetime, damages can often be more extensive in these types of cases. Compensatory damages can be broken down into two general categories;

Economic Damages

These are actual financial losses that the victim incurs. Examples include:

  • Hospitalization costs;
  • Cost for medical treatment;
  • Rehabilitation expenses;
  • Cost of ongoing medical care and related expenses;
  • Lost wages;
  • Loss of earning capacity.

Non-Economic Damages

These are losses that are intangible and more difficult to quantify. Examples include:

  • Physical pain and suffering;
  • Emotional distress;
  • Diminished quality of life;
  • Loss of consortium (for spouses and domestic partners of victims).

With cases in which the actions of the party responsible for the injury were especially egregious, punitive damages (also known as exemplary damages) may be awarded to punish the wrongdoer and help deter them and others from engaging in similar behavior in the future.

Speak with a Skilled El Cajon Traumatic Brain Injury Attorney

If you or someone close to you has suffered a traumatic brain injury and another party is responsible, you may have a right to compensation. Before accepting any settlement offers from the responsible party or their insurer, it is important for you to understand your legal rights and options.

At Garmo & Garmo, LLP, we work closely with our clients, and we handle the legal process from A to Z so they can focus their recovery. For a free consultation with one of our skilled personal injury lawyers, call our office today at 619-441-2500. You may also send us a message through our online contact form. One of our attorneys can meet with you at your home, hospital room, or wherever is most convenient if you are unable to travel to our office.

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Garmo & Garmo LLP office update (July 2, 2020)

Garmo & Garmo, LLP’s physical office is still open to assist you with your legal needs. We are following guidelines provided by the County of San Diego and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Please keep the following in mind when coming into our physical office:

1. Please do not enter our office if you have any of the following symptoms:

a. Fever or chills
b. Cough
c. Shortness of breath
d. Fatigue
e. Muscle or body aches
f. Headache
g. New loss of taste or smell
h. Sore throat
i. Congestion or runny nose
j. Nausea or vomiting
k. Diarrhea

2. For the safety of our staff and others, all sick clients/visitors may not enter our office.

3. All clients/visitors must wear facial coverings while in our office at all times.

4. Unless necessary, in-person meetings will not be held. Our office can conduct phone meetings or video meetings with clients/visitors.

5. Please always practice social distancing while in our office, which includes maintaining a minimum of six feet from others, including our staff.

We are closely monitoring the latest advisories from the County of San Diego, the Centers for Disease Control and the local court system. We will update our policies as we receive new information.

We appreciate your patience and confidence in Garmo & Garmo LLP’s ability to serve you.